I. Công thức

  • (+) Khẳng định
    S + am/is/are + going to + V_inf
    S = I -> am
    Ex: I am going to join the club.
    S = You/We/They -> are
    Ex: We are going to join the club.
    S = He/She/It -> is
    Ex: He is going to join the club.
 
  • (-) Phủ định
    S + am/is/are + not + going to + V_inf
    Trong đó:
    Am not = am not, is not = isn't, are not= aren't
    Ex: She is not going to go swimming this weekend. (Cuối tuần này cô ấy sẽ không đi bơi)
 
  • (?) Nghi vấn
    Am/is/are + S + going to + V_inf?
    Ex: Are you going to go to the party tonight? (Bạn sẽ tham gia bữa tiệc tối nay chứ?)
    → Yes, I am / No, I am not

I. Cách dùng thì tương lai gần

  • Diễn tả kế hoạch hay dự định về một việc sẽ thực hiện trong tương lai. Thường có các từ chỉ thời gian tương lai đi kèm.
    Ex: I am going to visit my uncle tomorrow.
    What are you going to do tonight?
  • Diễn tả một dự đoán chắc chắn sẽ xảy ra trong tương lai do có căn cứ trên tình huống hiện tại.
    Ex: Look at those black clouds. It is going to rain.
    My nose is tickling. I think I’m going to sneeze.

III. Dấu hiệu nhận biết

  • In the future
  • Next year/ week/time
  • Soon
  • Tomorrow
  • In + thời gian

IV. Bài tập

Exercise: Put the correct form of the verbs:
1. "I am not going to do aerobics tomorrow morning."
"What ______ you_____________ (do)?"
2. My team (go) _____ on a picnic this weekend.
3. I (have) _____ my hair cut tomorrow because it’s too long.
4. My elder sister (buy) _____ a new shirt tonight because she has just got salary.
5. I feel terrible. I think I (be) _________ill.
6. I (see) _________ the movie “The Moon” this evening with my cousin at 9 o’clock tonight.
7. What_________ you _________ (do) after graduation?
8. They (sell) _____ their old house because they have just bought a new one.
9. Tomorrow, I (visit) _____ my mother-in-law in the hospital.
10. - Why have they demolished that building?
- They (build) _____ a new cultural center.

Đáp án

Exercise: Put the correct form of the verbs:
1. "I am not going to do aerobics tomorrow morning."
"What are you going to do?"
2. My team is going to go on a picnic this weekend.
3. I am going to have my hair cut tomorrow because it’s too long.
4. My elder sister is going to buy a new shirt tonight because she has just got salary.
5. I feel terrible. I think I am going to be ill.
6. I am going to see the movie “The Moon” with my cousin at 9 o’clock tonight.
7. What are you going to do after graduation?
8. They are going to sell their old house because they have just bought a new one.
9. Tomorrow, I am going to visit my mother-in-law in the hospital.
10. - Why have they demolished that building?
- They are going to build a new cultural center.

 

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